For crop insurance purposes, a cover crop must have been planted within the 12 months prior to planting the insurable crop, and be recognized as a sound agronomic conservation practice for the area.
You may insure corn planted after a cover crop if the cover crop is terminated on or before June 5, of the current crop year. However, if the cover crop is not terminated on or before June 5, the corn is not insurable.
There are two practices for soybeans – a double crop, known as Following Another Crop (FAC) and a non- double crop, known as Not Following Another Crop (NFAC). Soybeans planted after a cover crop which was terminated on or before June 5, of the current crop year are considered non-double crop. Soybeans planted following a cover crop which was terminated after June 5, of the current crop year are considered a double crop.
Double crop soybeans are not insurable in every county and have a higher premium rate. If you are growing soybeans in a county where double crop soybeans are not insurable you must have a Written Agreement to insure the soybean crop if the cover crop is killed after June 5. The Written Agreement will reflect the higher premium rate.
Even when a cover crop is killed on or before June 5, corn and soybeans are not insurable if they are planted into a growing grass or legume. If you plan to interseed you can request a type/practice Written Agreement to insure the practice.
These cover crop rules also apply to other crops, such as popcorn, sweet corn, hybrid seed corn, pumpkins, grain sorghum, and processing beans. Please talk with your crop insurance agent for information on how cover crops affect the insurability of these crops.
You can request a type/practice Written Agreement to insure double crop soybeans in a county that does not insure double crop soybeans, or for corn or soybeans interseeded into a cover crop. Written Agreements must be requested through your crop insurance agent. For more information on requesting a written agreement, please contact a crop insurance agent.
USDA/Risk Management Agency
Springfield Regional Office
3500 Wabash Avenue
Springfield, IL 62711-8287
Telephone: (217) 241-6600